The Clothes and Jewellery of the Vikings
Normally, we associate Vikings with dirt and a group of people who do not want to see bathing water anywhere close to them. There are various reasons that explain why the Vikings wear the clothes they do and look the way they do. You will be surprised to learn that whatever the Vikings wear today is exactly what they were wearing in the past. This document gives a history of the dressing code of the Vikings, this site.
Just like in the rest of the communities, the clothing of the Vikings is also based on the class of the people. Thralls, Karls and Jarls are the three classes that existed in their community. The history of the Vikings show that the Thralls secured the lowest class and was mainly made up of slaves. The middle class consisted of the Karls, view here. This group also contains the people who used to farm and take care of cattle. Even though this group was made up by people who owned land, it was not enough to get them into the next class. The Jarls was made up by the nobles.
The weather also controlled the mode of dressing of the Vikings. The history of the Vikings show that Scandinavia was colder in the past than it is today. Initially, the temperature was one percent lower than it is today. It is the cold weather that also forced the Vikings to find the mode of dressing that will keep them completely warm. With the introduction of layers, the Vikings are completely shielded from the cold weather.
Men clothes were also made up of Viking tunic, website. The Viking tunic was normally worn over an under-tunic. Men clothes were mainly made from linen. Wool was used for making the clothes worn by lower and middle classes, view here!. A pair of trousers was used to cover the underwear worn by men. For those who did not have trousers, they used leggings instead. Goat leather was the material that was used to make shoes. They used it mainly because it is waterproof, and since the Vikings were fond of sailing, it came in handy.
Women did not wear clothes that are very different from what they wear today. Just like in men, their underdresses were also made of linen. The dresses made were used to cover the women from the soldiers to the ankles, read more here. However, this was not done for any other reason than to keep the women away from cold. A shorter dress was then used to cover the long dress, and the dress was mainly made from wool. Both men and women wore a belt around their waist. Wool hats was also worn by men, women and children to ensure that they have been protected from the cold weather.